Fractures of the Knee include Fractures of the Patella, Femoral Condyles and Tibial Plateau. Both direct and indirect forces can cause these Fractures.
Patella and Tibial Plateau Fractures each account for 1% of all skeletal Fractures. Distal Femoral Condyle Fractures account for 4% of all Femur Fractures.
Fractures around the Knee can result in neurovascular compromise or compartment syndrome, with resultant risk of limb loss. Soft Tissue infection or Osteomyelitis can occur in compound (open) Fractures.
Other complications include non-union, delayed union, Osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis, fat embolism, and thrombophlebitis.